基礎英語3 2017/11/10 #‎基礎英語3-2
英語は<強勢拍リズム(stress-timed rhythm)の言語。
ストレスの置かれる単語が等間隔で並んで、その合間に弱い単語を詰め込んで発音する言語。

日本語の場合には、音節拍リズム(syllabic-timed rhythm)
一つ一つの音節、専門的にはmora を同じウエイト置いて発音しようとします。

そのため、日本人の多くは英語を発音する時、みんな同じように強く読んでします。それでカタカナ英語みたいになって島します。
ストレスを意識して、強い部分と弱い部分にメリハリを着けて読む。
特に強い部分を等間隔のリズムでで読む練習すること。

+stress-timed rhythm syllabic-timed rhythm

Syllable-timed languages | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/syllable-timed-languages

A syllable-timed language is a language whose syllables take approximately equal amounts of time to pronounce. It can be compared with a stress-timed language, where there is approximately the same amount of time between stressed syllables. Learners whose first language can be described as syllable-timed often have problems recognising and then producing features of English such as contractions, main and secondary stress, and elision.
Example
French is described as a syllable-timed language, English as a stress-timed one.
In the classroom
Activities which can help learners with recognition of these features of English include counting the number of words in a spoken sentence, sorting long words according to stress patterns, and dictation.

Stress timed | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/stress-timed

A stress-timed language is a language where the stressed syllables are said at approximately regular intervals, and unstressed syllables shorten to fit this rhythm. Stress-timed languages can be compared with syllable-timed ones, where each syllable takes roughly the same amount of time.

Example 
English and German are examples of stress-timed languages, while Spanish and Cantonese are syllable-timed.
In the classroom 
Learners whose first language is syllable-timed often have problems producing the unstressed sounds in a stress-timed language like English, tending to give them equal stress.

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