基礎英語3 2017/11/10 #基礎英語3-2
+stress-timed rhythm syllabic-timed rhythm
Syllable-timed languages | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC
A syllable-timed language is a language whose syllables take approximately equal amounts of time to pronounce. It can be compared with a stress-timed language, where there is approximately the same amount of time between stressed syllables. Learners whose first language can be described as syllable-timed often have problems recognising and then producing features of English such as contractions, main and secondary stress, and elision.
Example French is described as a syllable-timed language, English as a stress-timed one.
In the classroom Activities which can help learners with recognition of these features of English include counting the number of words in a spoken sentence, sorting long words according to stress patterns, and dictation.
Stress timed | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC
A stress-timed language is a language where the stressed syllables are said at approximately regular intervals, and unstressed syllables shorten to fit this rhythm. Stress-timed languages can be compared with syllable-timed ones, where each syllable takes roughly the same amount of time.
English and German are examples of stress-timed languages, while Spanish and Cantonese are syllable-timed.
In the classroom Learners whose first language is syllable-timed often have problems producing the unstressed sounds in a stress-timed language like English, tending to give them equal stress.