25 金 Lesson20 Be Prepared (3)
Alvarez lists key emergency supplies like a radio. And Ueda describes seeing big costly survival food kits.
One of which could feed four people for a year. He says the items contained in the kits can last for 25 to 30 years
depending on what they are. Ueda adds that most Japanese households have an emergency survival kit.
water filtration system 水のろ過装置
Filtration, the act of filtering water or some other substance to remove unwanted things. In my office, for example, potential employees take a writing test. And that helps filter out people who aren’t qualified for the job.
This is a small stream. We also have the expressions, “up a creek” or “up a creek without a paddle.”
Which means we’re in trouble. We’re in a difficult situation. And there’s no easy way out. Like we can’t paddle our canoe out of the situation. Imagine you erase an important file. You could say, “Well, I’m up a creek. I don’t have a backup.” paddle 櫂、かい
up a creek 小川を上流に登る = We were in trouble.
filter and purify water 水をろ過して浄化する
Up at the top, Ueda says, “we’re taught not to throw out bathwater after using it, so it can become a last resort
for drinking water after purification.”
last resort 最後の手段、最終手段
survival food kit サバイバル用の食用キット
Food for use in a survival situation. It lasts a long time and requires minimum or no preparation. Likewise, a survivalist prepares for things like natural disasters or social collapse. They expect to survive without outside help, maintain their own food supplies, shelter. That sort of thing.
survival 生き残ること、生存 survival of the fittest 適者生存
How long are these food products good for? こうした食品はどのくらい保存できますか？
He means “how long do they last?”, “How long do they remain edible?” “Good for” can also mean “valid” or “in effect.” Like, this coupon is good for the entire year. Or this coupon is good until March 31st.
shelf life 保存可能期間、販売可能期間 , shelf 店の棚
Ueda says, “Many of the items have a 25-year shelf life,”
Food etc. that’s been rapidly frozen and then dried in a high vacuum. To use the verb, they freeze-dry these vegetables immediately after harvest.
Provides nutrition, nourishes the body. Nori, seaweed is very nutritious. So are natto, fermented soybeans. 発酵した
stock up on – 〜を買いだめする、たっぷり用意する
Gather a supply of something in advance. Have it ready. If you’re going to clean your house, you could say,
“We need to stock up on garbage bags and cleaning rugs.” Or, ahead of the holiday break, I’ve stocked up on drinks, みかん and other snacks.
Alvarez says, “It’s useful to locate secondary sources of water nearby.”
Next after an original or primary source. She does freelance translations as a secondary source of income,
for example. “Secondary” can also mean next in importance. His work is always secondary to family concerns, for example. His wife and kids come first.
secondary sources of water nearby 二次的な水源
secondary research すでにあるいろいろなデータを調べて、それを分析して調査を行う
通常は水道という primary source、それに代わる水源、池や小川などを探しておくことが必要
for drinking purposes 飲むための
Alvarez talks about safely filtering and purifying water for drinking purposes. To use for drinking. Likewise, for medicinal purposes, means for medical treatment in medicine. Marijuana is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Or, he created a home-based company for tax purposes. [mæ̀rəhwɑ́ːnə] マリフアナ、大麻
for medicinal purposes 医療目的、医療のための
niche market 隙間市場、ニッチ市場
niche market とは、大きな市場のほんの一部で、少数の顧客に対して特殊で通常利益率の高い製品を売ることに特化した部分です
niche marketing, niche product