実践ビジネス英語 2020/5/28 L4(5) New Possibilities With AI,(5)AI がもたらす新たな可能性





実践ビジネス英語 2020/5/28 L4(5) New Possibilities With AI,(5)AI がもたらす新たな可能性
Nissen expresses concern over an Orwellian use of AI, and Grace says other people have that concern as well. Nissen describes how some companies are using AI to keep tubs on their employees’ movements, even monitoring how much time they spend in the bathroom. He warns that AI systems’ hunger for data could lead to violations of privacy, and Grace says managers need to use AI wisely.
creepy おぞましい、気味が悪い、ぞっとする、嫌な
Orwellian 【形】[ɔːwε’liən] オーウェル的な (George Orwellジョージ・オーウェル の小説1984で描かれた全体主義的な監視国家のような、監視主義体制について言う) George Orwell 1984
Nissen is talking about how the characters in 1984, the novel written by George Orwell are constantly being monitored and controlled. And in the story, they’re always being watched by Big Brother. And we use that term too, as a symbol of oppressive control, constant monitoring. Imagine employees who have to report every break they go on, even if it’s like 5 or 10 minutes. I’d say, “That’s awful. Talk about Big Brother is watching you.”
code of conduct 行動規範
Grace says, “There needs to be a clear code of conduct with regard to privacy and personal information as we enter the age of Al. ”
A set of rules for how people are supposed to behave. Things like, our code of conduct prohibits taking office supplies for personal use.
code of conduct = code of behavior  行動規範 code of ethics 倫理規範
with regard to -, 〜に関して
potential downside 潜在的な欠点
Salmans says, “One potential downside is that AI could tempt lazy managers to abdicate their own judgment.” A downside is a negative aspect of something. You know, like, one of the downsides of this office is the inconvenient location. And “upside” is a positive aspect. One of the upsides of this job is the free exercise room. And we also say, “on the downside” and “on the upside.” Like, on the upside, we’ll have more room in the new office. On the downside, the building is a little old.

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