実践ビジネス英語 2020/8/20 L8 (2) A New Era of Corporate Social Responsibility





実践ビジネス英語 2020/8/20 L8(2) A New Era of Corporate Social Responsibility
(2)CSR の新時代
Ueda says that Business Roundtable also points out that companies still have to provide long-term profits for shareholders. According to Pearson, company executives used to be the “agents” of the shareholders but now the emphasis has shifted to benefiting society overall. McMillan says businesses are being encouraged to invest in employees to promote diversity and respect.

Q1). どのような考え方が長年、アメリカのビジネス界の推進力になってきました
That sure is a big change from the belief that businesses serve the owners of capital. That philosophy has
driven corporate America for decades.
Q2). 経営幹部のかつての唯一の目的は、何をすることでしたか。
Their sole aim was to make as much money as possible, within the limits of the law.
serve the owners of capital 資本家に仕える
Cater to the needs of capital owners, attend to their welfare and wants. Likewise, politicians are supposed to serve their constituencies. Or, this NPO serves the needs of the homeless.
philosophy 価値観、考え方、哲学
drive 駆り立てる
Ueda is saying “that philosophy has provided the force, the power to move corporate America, to motivate corporate America.” The passive form is also very common. Things like, he’s driven by a strong desire to be company president someday. Or, sales growth has been driven by strong demand for electronic devices.
ハイフン driven hyphen-driven その前の言葉が主導権、強制力、推進力などを持っていることを意味する

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