実践ビジネス英語 2019/1/16
16 水 Lesson19 Ethical Values (4)
Ethical Values (4)

Salmans says there’s a lot of wrongdoing in business. And McMillan adds that moral behavior is often seen as unnecessary. Ueda thinks that attitude will harm companies. And Collins says universities are trying to instill more morality in the world of computer science. McMillan says they’re trying to teach the next generation how technology will affect the world.
instill 吹き込む、教え込む

corruption 汚職、腐敗
Dishonest or illegal behavior, ah, especially by powerful people. It often, overlaps with “graft.” But it isn’t necessarily the same thing. Imagine I’m a government official. I get a friend a cushy job that he is not qualified for.
That’s corruption. But it’s not graft because I didn’t get any money from it or some other, benefit.
graft 汚職、収賄
Attaining money or some other gain in a dishonorable way. Like, she was fired for graft. She was taking bribes from suppliers. Or, Company X is being investigated by the nation’s anti-graft agency.
You name it. ありとあらゆるもの。何でもかんでも。
Anything you can think of applies. For example, you name the book, he’s read it. So he’s read many many books. Or, you name the anime, she’s seen it.
Everything one can think of. どんなものでも。
You name it, we’ve got it. 当店にないものはありません
You name it, we can handle it. どんなことでも対応できます
trump より勝る、凌ぐ
frills 余計なこの、虚飾
McMillan says, “Things like human rights and preserving the environment have too often been seen as frills.” Something decorative and desirable but not necessary. A luxury or decorative item. You might say, “She likes to dress very simply. No frills.” Or, this no-frills travel package includes just airfare and accommodations.
No-frills travel package 余計なものがついていないシンプルなもの
ultimately 究極的には、結局
self-destructive 自滅的な
be defined by -,  〜によって規定される、定義される
This will determine its value or will be its key feature. Such as, last year was defined by many personnel changes
at the company. So that was like the biggest event that happened, the biggest thing involving the company.
Or, women shouldn’t be defined by their looks. They should not be their value. nShould not be determined by how attractive they are.
transparency 透明性
Openness in one’s dealings, one’s actions, not hiding things. It’s very common to hear about transparency in government. Not hiding why the government does things. vOr how deals get made.
prioritize 優先させる
nurture 育成する
stand up to outside scrutiny 外からの厳しい目に耐える
Withstand investigation. Withstand examination from the outside. Prove to be good and right under this examination. Her excuse doesn’t stand up to scrutiny. So that means if we examine her excuse, think about it,
we realize it’s not good, it’s not legitimate. Or, the company’s financial documents stood up under the audit.
So, an audit was held and the financial documents were shown to be properly prepared and accurate.
n the wake of - 〜を受けて、結果として
Collins says, “In the wake of fake news and other troubles at tech companies,” This expression uses the images of a ship passing. Leaving waves behind itself. And it means following something, as a result of something. And it’s usually about some kind of negative event. Or an event that stirs up a situation that makes waves. Such as, the restaurant closed in the wake of the sanitation scandal.
technologist 技術者、科学技術者
morality 倫理、道徳
self-driving car 自動運転車 =autonomous vehicle

That’s what you get when - 〜する時にそういうことが起きる
Up at the top, Salmans says, “That’s what you get when maximizing profit trumps everything else.”
That’s the result of this. Ah, that’s what happens. Imagine no one will help a co-worker finish his report.
You might say, “Well, that’s what you get when you’re so rude to everyone.” He was so rude to everyone no one wants to help him. Or, I might say to myself, “I’m so out of shape. Well, that’s what you get when you don’t exercise.”

money laundering 〔不正・違法な手段で手に入れた金をある金融機関に預け入れて、そこから他の金融機関へ送金することにより出所を隠すこと。〕
wrong doingの例として
bribes, corruption, graft, excessive entertainment, money laundering




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