実践ビジネス英語 2019/1/31 L20 (5) be prepared
31 木 Lesson20 Be Prepared (5)
Alvareztalks about the skills that preppers learn including fishing and recognizing edible plants. She says some of them make it a fun weekend activity for the whole family. Salmans recalls a crucial tool he was told to have as a Boy Scout. And Alvarez says a fire can be used in many ways in an emergency.
Alvarez is talking, about a competitive activity, done in the woods and elsewhere. You use a map, apparently and a compass to navigate between the checkpoints along an unfamiliar root.
This is using the term, “orient.” On the other side, we have “disoriented.”
And a disoriented person is confused about where they are, ah, where they’re going, ah, what they’re doing.
For example, if I was hit on the head, I would probably become disoriented. I also got very, ah, disoriented on my first day of college. All the buildings looked the same at night and I couldn’t figure where I was or how to get to my dorm.
feel disorientated 頭が混乱する
The opposite expression would be “inedible.” Like “Oh oh, good heavens. I left that in the refrigerator, too long.
And now it is absolutely inedible.”
The list is endless. そのリストに限りがない。例を挙げるとキリがない。
Obviously this expression involves some hyperbole. 誇張
But it’s a very common way to say there’s an enormous number of something. If we made a list, it would go on and on and on and on.
You could tell a visitor to Japan, “There’s so many things to do here. There are sports and cultural activities, fine food and shopping. The list is endless.”
= The list goes on and on.
weekend hobby activity 週末の趣味活動
Alvarez says, “Some of the preppers get the whole family involved and make it a kind of weekend hobby activity.”
We also have the term “hobbyist.” This is a person who pursues some particular hobby.
Lately there are drone hobbyists. Model plane hobbyists have been around for a very long time.
weekend athlete 週末しか運動しない人
weekend artist 日曜画家
disaster evacuation area 災害時の避難場所
firestarter kid 火起こしキット
Salmans says, “when I was a Boy Scout, I was taught that a fire starter kit tops the list of items in a survival kit.”
A kit, containing materials to easily start a fire, like a flint and such. flint 火打ち石
We use “starter” in a lot of situations to mean “beginning, ah, initial basic.”
A starter in baseball of course is a pitcher who starts games, pitches from the first inning.
There are starter classes in various subjects, cooking, whatever. And we also say “a starter.”
A starter to mean an appetizer.
This meal includes a starter and dessert.
conversation starter 会話のきっかけとなるのようなテーマ 会話の糸口
top the list リストのトップに位置する。第一位である。
This is the number one ranking thing. For example, my personal opinion and no offense to any other places, anywhere in Japan. But for me, Kyoto tops the list of places to see in Japan. You’ve gotta see that town.
no offense 悪意はない
rub two sticks together ２本の棒切を擦り合わせる
Obviously this is rubbing literally two sticks together, to spark a flame.
Personally never done this in my entire life. I have to give it a try some time.
We also have the expression, not have two nickels to rub together. Meaning a person has almost no money at all.
A nickelis a 5 cent coin.
You might say, when he first came to this country, his great grandfather didn’t have two nickels to rub together.
be stranded in the wilderness 荒野に取り残されている。荒野で立ち往生する
Salmans is talking literally about an undeveloped area. You know not significantly affected by human activity.
It can also refer to a very crowded or dangerous place that we sort of metaphorically feel lost in, we feel adrift.
At first, my university to me was a wilderness of unfamiliar buildings. It took awhile to find my way around.
stranded in the middle of nowhere どこだかわからないような所で立ち往生する
work in a pinch いざという時に役立つ
If you don’t other options, if this is all you have or all you can do at the time, well, this will be all right. You can manage. I might say, “If you don’t have a formal party outfit, well, an all-black ensemble with some jewelry will do in a pinch.
on foot 徒歩で
Ueda recommends traveling each evacuation route on foot at least once a week. By walking as oppose to some form of transportation.
The apartment is 10 minutes from the station on foot, for example.
get the job done 何かをすることが出来る。望まれている結果を出すことが出来る
McMillan says down at the bottom, “a fire starter kit gets the job done faster and more easily.”
It achieves the desired result. Performs the required task.
You could say, “Paul always gets the job done. He’s a very skilled translator.”
Or, this vacuum cleaner will get the job done and it doesn’t cost a fortune.
beacon to call for help 助けを求めるための信号灯、合図
beacon of hope 希望の光
beacon in the night 精神的に迷っているときに導いてくれる人