実践ビジネス英語 2019/1/9 L19 (1) ethical values
9 水 Lesson19 Ethical Values (1)

Ethical Values (1)

McMillan describes how Collins found a lost item in a taxi and arranged to return it to the owner. She turned down the owner’s offer of a reward but says that some friends think she should have accepted it. McMillan says doing a good deed is a reward in itself. But Salmans says Collins did more than was required of her and should have taken the money.

ethical values 倫理観、道徳的価値観
Moral values. One’s definition of right and wrong in different situations. Things like, being honest, keeping one’s promises, being fair to others.
values 価値観 , shift in values 価値観の転換, core values 核となる価値観
dilemma ジレンマ、板挟み、窮地
When we have to choose between different options, but none of them are right deal. They all have their bad elements. Parents face a dilemma with social media. How much should they monitor their children’s activities? They need to show their children that they trust them but, there’s dangerous stuff out there. Or, you could say, the boss has a dilemma. Firing John could really hurt company morale, but we have to cut personnel costs.
between the devil and the deep blue sea
Between a rock and a hard place
同じ程度に望ましくない二者のうちから選択をせめられているような状況
trilemma 好ましくない三者のうちから一つを選ばなければならない状況
contact list 連絡先リスト、住所録
be relieved ホッとする、安堵する
substantial reward 多額の謝礼金、報奨金
A large reward, a significant reward. Likewise, you could say, this job brings a substantial salary. Or, the government implemented a substantial tax cut. And a reward is payment. Monetary or otherwise for doing something.
The police are offering a reward for information about the fugitive.
fugitive 逃亡者 逃走者
generosity 気前の良さ、寛大さ
Around the middle, Collins says, “I told him that I appreciated his generosity but I didn’t need a reward.”
Generosity, this is liberality in giving or willingness to give. Imagine someone donates money to a fund-raiser.
The thank you letter might read, “We’re most grateful for your kind generosity.”
be inclined to 〜したい気持ちがある。
put a price on - 〜に値段をつける
Assign a monetary value to something. Like McMillan, it’s very common to say “can’t put a price on something.”
Something is invaluable or it’s beyond the value of money. Things like, you can’t put a price on the benefits of international travel. Or, very common, you can’t put a price on love.
price の代わりに a price tag 値札
You can’t put a price tag on friendship.
have a slightly different take 幾分違った見方をする
When McMillan says, “you can’t put a price on the good feeling, you get from helping someone.” Salmans replies, “I have a slightly different take.”
oook at it this way このように考えてみてください
take the trouble to -, わざわざ〜する。
Salmans could also say, “go to the trouble of.” They both mean “make the effort to do something, endure the trouble,
the bother of doing something.” Like, he went to the trouble of writing me a wonderful letter of recommendation. Or, she didn’t even take the trouble to double check her data.
above and beyond the call of duty 期待される以上の
To go beyond what’s required of you in some situation. Once a travel agent went above and beyond the call of duty for me. She spent a whole hour finding me a better connection. A flight that didn’t have a long layover. You can also say, “go the extra mile.” That travel agent went the extra mile to help me.
call of duty 使命感や義務感などの呼びかけ
above and beyond - 〜の範囲を超えて
the call of duty 使命感、義務感などの呼びかけ
beyond-call, beyond-call dedication 責務以上の貢献
perspective 考え方、見方

care to – , 
Up at the very top, Collins says, “Hey, Shota, care to join us for a coffee?” We often use this to ask, “Would you like to do something?” Care to get a drink after work? Something like that. Or, to use a slight variation.
Would you care for a caramel? After “care for”, we use a noun. After “care to”, a verb.
Would you care to… ?
Would you care for… ?
-A good deed never goes un rewarded.
善行はそれ自体が報いである。良い行いに見返りを期待すべきでない。
(よい行いをすればなず報われる)

追加訂正します。
Virtue is its own reward.

A good deed never goes unrewarded. 良い行いをすれば、必ず報われる




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