ニュースで学ぶ現代英語 2022/4/18-22





2022年4月18日(月)の放送内容
ウクライナ避難民 日本到着
20 MORE UKRAINIAN EVACUEES ARRIVE IN JAPAN

A Japanese government aircraft with 20 Ukrainian evacuees has touched down at Tokyo’s Haneda Airport.The government plans to offer them assistance in cooperation with private companies and local governments.
The evacuees, aged six to 66, disembarked after testing negative for COVID-19 and went through immigration. They’re now being taken to their accommodations.
The development follows Japan’s Foreign Minister Hayashi Yoshimasa’s visit to Poland to see how it’s handling an influx of Ukrainian evacuees.
The government plans to offer support for evacuees who do not have relatives or acquaintances in Japan.It’ll cover their daily needs and medical care, as well as language lessons, job training, and education for children. The government estimates the aid will last about six months.
Japan has already accepted about 400 Ukrainian evacuees. A Ukrainian woman who settled in Maebashi, north of Tokyo, started taking Japanese lessons on Monday.A language school there is offering free classes for evacuees.

2022年4月19日(火)の放送内容
最も遠い129億光年離れた星を発見
ASTRONOMERS SPOT MOST DISTANT STAR EVER OBSERVED

International researchers say they’ve found the most distant star ever observed, a whopping 12.9 billion light-years from Earth.
The team includes astronomers from Japan’s Chiba University. It used the Hubble Space Telescope to spot the celestial object.
The star, nicknamed “Earendel,” is estimated to be at least 50 times the mass of the sun.The researchers say it’s about 4 billion light-years farther than the previous record for an observed distant star.
They were able to detect the star due to a phenomenon called gravitational lensing, which made the star appear brighter.Light from the star traveled 12.9 billion years before reaching Earth, meaning it existed about 900 million years after the Big Bang gave birth to the universe.
Astronomers say the discovery opens a new window into the dawn of the cosmos.

2022年4月20日(水)の放送内容
インドネシアのラマダン 食用油の高騰で打撃
COOKING OIL PRICE SPIKE HITS INDONESIA AS RAMADAN STARTS
2022年4月4日のニュース

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is also impacting people’s lives in Asia, causing the price of cooking oil to spike.That’s being felt in kitchens in Indonesia as Ramadan starts in the world’s largest Muslim country.
Muslims account for more than 80 percent of Indonesia’s population. During the fasting month, they only eat and drink between sunset and sunrise.
Early on Sunday, stalls in Jakarta were crowded with customers buying deep-fried food.But many shops have raised prices or reduced the volume of their products.

(Shop staff)
“We’re worried. We’re sorry for our customers, but we can’t do business if we don’t raise prices.”

The price of cooking oil has skyrocketed up to 70 percent from a year ago as global demand for Indonesian palm oil increases.This comes amid concerns over a shortage of sunflower oil, which is produced mainly in Ukraine and Russia.

2022年4月21日(木)の放送内容
成人年齢 18歳に引き下げ
JAPAN LOWERS LEGAL AGE OF ADULTHOOD TO 18

Japan is welcoming 18- and 19-year-olds into adulthood, lowering the legal age of majority for the first time in more than a century. But don’t raise your glass just yet.
The teens will still have to wait until they’re 20 to drink, smoke, or gamble.But the revised Civil Code will let them make many adult decisions without their parents. That includes getting a credit card or taking out a loan.
The change has some people worried that fraudsters will use this opportunity to prey on young victims.

(University Student)
“I realized yesterday that I was coming of age today. But I don’t feel like I’ve become an adult at all.”

Japan is grappling with an aging society, declining birth rate, and shortage of workers.The government hopes that lowering the legal age of adulthood will encourage teens to take a more active role in society.

2022年4月22日(金)の放送内容
サッカーW杯 組み合わせ決定
GROUPS PICKED FOR MEN’S SOCCER WORLD CUP

The top prize in men’s soccer is up for grabs in November, when the World Cup kicks off in Qatar. Now the teams and their fans know who’ll be playing who in the group stage.
The draw took place Friday in Doha. Thirty-two teams are divided into eight groups. The top two in each advance to the knockout stage.
There are still a few World Cup qualifying places up for grabs. In Group B, the winner of a European playoff will face England, Iran, and the United States.Argentina will play Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Poland in Group C. And defending champ France must face Denmark, Tunisia, and either Peru, the UAE, or Australia.
Two soccer powerhouses await Japan in Group E. Spain won the World Cup in 2010, and Germany did the same in 2014.The other place in the group will be filled by Costa Rica or New Zealand.

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