英語で読み解く現代社会 10/29 (2) ロスリングほか著「FACTFULNESS」を英語で読む
What’s wrong with this picture? My students talked about them and us. Others talk about the developing world and the developed world. You probably use these labels yourself. What’s wrong with that?
Journalists, politicians, activists, teachers and researchers use them all the time. When people say, “developing and developed” what they are probably thinking is “poor counties and rich countries.” I also often hear “West Rest, north south and low income high income.” Whatever, it doesn’t really matter which terms people use to describe the world as long as the words create relevant pictures in their heads and mean something with a basis in reality. But what pictures are in their heads when they use these two simple terms and how do those pictures compare to reality?
the West and the Rest 西洋とその他大勢
It doesn’t really matter which terms people use to describe the world
Let’s check against the data. The chart on the next page shows babies per woman and child survival rates for all countries. Each bubble on the chart represents a country with the size of the bubble showing the size of the country’s population. The biggest bubbles are India and China. On the left of the chart are countries where women have many babies. And on the right are countries where women have few babies. The higher up a country is on the chart, the better the child survival rate in that country. This chart is exactly what my student in the third row suggested as a way of defining the two groups, us and them or the west and the rest. Here I have labeled the two groups “developing and developed countries.”