BBC Learning English 22/10/13 Iran protests
“Neither headscarf, nor humiliation. Freedom and equality.”
Last month when a young woman died after being arrested by the morality police for not covering her hair.
Human rights groups say two hundred people have died in the protests so far.
What’s the vocabulary? We have ‘fan flames’, ‘wave’ and ‘Gen Z’.
Protests began last month when a young woman died after being arrested by morality police for not covering her hair.
Many members of the younger generation say they want a different lifestyle and don’t identify with the Iranian regime.
Human rights groups think 200 people have died in the protests so far.
-Key words and phrases
1). Iranian celebrities fan flames of anti-regime protests
fan the flames (感情などを)あおり立てる
make an already tense situation more tense
-His angry Twitter post fanned the flames of political tension.
-Stop spreading rumours. You’re fanning the flames.
add fuel to the fire 火に油を注ぐ、事態［状況］をさらに激化［悪化］させる
fan the flames
make an already tense-situation more tense
Stop spreading rumours. You’re fanning the flames.
2). Fame no shield from ‘frightening’ Iran arrest wave.
increase in similar events happening at the same time
– There was a wave of support for the new football manager.
– A wave of sickness made all the students ill.
In the summer this year, we heard a lot about ‘heatwaves’. That’s high temperatures for a specific amount of time. We also sometimes hear about ‘a wave of sickness’, which is lots of people getting sick at the same time.
Yeah. Are there any other words like ‘wave’ that have this similar meaning?
Yeah. So we can use ‘surge’. Again, like a wave, it’s connected to water, but it’s used metaphorically to mean ‘a large amount of something happening at one time’, like a ‘power surge’ or a ‘crowd surge’, for example.
3). How Gen Z became the Iranian regime’s most fearsome opponent.
‘Gen Z’ is short for ‘Generation Z’, and it refers to people who were born in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
We have other names for other generations. What are they? Yeah, so we have ‘millennials’. That refers to people born between the early 1980s and the mid 90s, that’s me.
We then have ‘Generation X’. They were born between mid 1960 and the early 1980s. And that’s me. And then there are the ‘baby boomers’ who were born after World War Two. Yes, and that my parents’ generation.
Classifying groups of people by their age is an easy way to differentiate between different groups of people, different generations,
the group of people born in the late 1990s and early 2000s
– It’s often said that Gen Z are obsessed with social media.
– He’s from Gen Z – of course he doesn’t drink alcohol.
Marketing companies are trying to cater to Gen Z in their campaigns.